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中級英檢-閱讀測驗1
J. K. Rowling 哈利.波特的作者小傳


本期目錄
中級英檢-閱讀測驗1
J. K. Rowling 哈利.波特的作者小傳
單字一點通
片語大補帖
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中級英檢-閱讀測驗1

常春藤中級全民英檢-閱讀測驗共分1、2兩份報(中級英檢-閱讀測驗2將於6月出刊),為賴世雄教授編著,完全仿照語言訓練測驗中心命題方式及內容,文章題材新穎、兼具知識性及趣味性,句構多元且解釋詳盡。

每期測驗均附「單字一點通」、「片語大補帖」及譯文,易懂易讀,保證讀者迅速提升閱讀文章的功力。
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J. K. Rowling 哈利.波特的作者小傳

Many people who want to become writers are told that they won't ever make any money writing. That's exactly what J. K. Rowling, famous author of the Harry Potter children's series, was told. Now in movie form, her books have gained international success. In fact, she is one of the richest women in the U.K. She had plenty of time to work on her first book, Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone. That is because she was unemployed at the time. Her only income came from government assistance. She did most of her writing as her infant daughter napped.

One of the reasons her books are so successful is that her main character is a child who has the power to take charge of his own life. Through magic and other things, he always turns a bad situation around in his favor. Although not everyone has the misfortune of being unemployed with plenty of spare time, it is possible to accomplish anything if you set your mind on it. You, too, can become a successful writer if you find what it is that the public is looking for at the time.

1.What is one of the things the article attributes to Rowling's success?
(A) She was unemployed and desperate.
(B) She was fortunate to write what pleased the public.
(C) Her main character always faces hardships.
(D) Her works of fiction have earned her millions of dollars.

2.What can be inferred about Ms. Rowling's first book?
(A)It was done at night.
(B)It might not have been written if she had had a job.
(C)It was the only book she ever wrote.
(D) It will not stay popular for long because of the film.

3.What is unique about Ms. Rowling's "misfortune"?
(A) It made her poor.
(B) It gave her a job.
(C) She found ways to gain sympathy.
(D) She used it to her advantage.

4.What is meant by "government assistance" in line 9?
(A) Ridicule.
(B) Relationship.
(C) Help.
(D) Hope.



許多想成為作家的人都會有人告訴他們寫作根本賺不了錢。哈利.波特童話小說系列的知名作者J. K. 蘿琳,就有人這樣告訴她。如今,她的書已拍成電影並得到全球的成功。事實上,她是英國最富有的女人之一。她有充分的時間去寫她的第一本書,《哈利波特和魔法石》。那是因為當時她在失業中。她唯一的收入是靠政府的救濟金。她是趁著小女兒小睡之際來完成作品。

她的書如此成功的原因之一乃是書中主角是個小孩,他擁有法力來主宰自己的命運。透過魔法和其他的東西,他經常能扭轉乾坤化成對自己有利的情況。雖然並不是每個人都那麼倒霉地長期失業才有那麼充裕的時間,但只要你下定決心去做一件事,就很可能會成功。如果你能掌握當時大眾想要得到的東西,你也能成為一個成功的作家。

1.蘿琳的成功歸因於本文中的哪一項?
(A) 她失業了,走投無路。
(B) 她有幸寫了能迎合大眾口味的書。
(C) 她的主角常歷經千辛萬苦。
(D) 她的小說作品為她賺進了大把鈔票。

2.我們可以從蘿琳的第一本書做出什麼推論?
(A) 它在一夕之間完成的。
(B) 如果她有工作的話,也許這本書就寫不出來了。
(C) 這是她唯一寫過的書。
(D) 因為電影的緣故,這本書不會流行太久。

3.蘿琳女士的『不幸』有何獨持之處?
(A) 使她貧窮了。
(B) 給她一份工作。
(C) 她找到了博取同情的方法。
(D) 她化危機為良機。

4.第九行中的"government assistance"意思是什麼?
(A) 取笑。
(B) 關係。
(C) 救助。
(D) 希望。

答案:1. (B) 2. (B) 3. (D) 4. (C)
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單字一點通

1. exactly adv. 的確; 精確地
 注意:
 在本文中,本字置於疑問詞引導的名詞子句之前,做強調用法,譯成『就是』,
 相當於just。
 例:That's exactly how I'll do it.
 (那正是我做這件事要採行的方法。)
2. author n. 作者 (指某書的作者)
 比較:
 writer n. 作家 (指身份)
 例:The author of that book is a famous writer.
 (那本書的作者是個知名的作家。)
3. series n. 系列
 a series of...  一系列的……
 例:The officer asked us a series of questions.
 (警官問我們一連串的問題。)
4. sorcerer n. 魔法師
5. unemployed a. 失業的
6. income n. 收入
 have a large income  收入頗豐
7. assistance n. 協助
 come to one's assistance  幫助某人
 例:Tom came to my assistance when I had a flat tire.
 (當我的車爆胎時,湯姆前來幫我忙。)
 注意:
 assist vt. 幫助 (與in並用)
 例:He assisted me in writing the letter.
  = He helped me write the letter.
 (他幫我寫這封信。)
8.infant n. 嬰兒
9. nap vi. & n. 小睡
 take a nap  小睡片刻
 例:Children usually nap at least once a day.
 (通常小孩一天至少小睡一次。)
 Everyone in our office takes a nap after lunch.
 (午餐後辦公室堥C個人都會小睡片刻。)
10. main character  主角
 character n. 角色
11. magic n. 魔法, 魔術
 例:Do you believe in magic?
 (你相信魔術嗎?)
12. favor n. 利益, 恩惠
 in one's favor  有利於某人
13. misfortune n. 不幸
14. spare a. 空閒的; 多餘的
 例:You should never drive a car without a spare tire in the trunk.
 (開車上路時,後車箱不能沒有備胎。)
15. desperate a. 走投無路的; 迫切的
 例:We are desperate to find someone to fill the position.
 (我們急須找人來填補這個職缺。)
16. hardship n. 艱苦
17. fiction n. 小說類 (不可數)
 novel n. 小說 (可數)
 a fiction (X)
 →a work of fiction (○)  一本小說
 =a novel
18. infer vt. 推論
 infer from... + that子句  從……中推論出……
 例:One can infer from her comments that she is upset about something at home.
 (從她的言詞中可以推論她對家中某些事感到不愉快。)
19. sympathy n. 同情
 have sympathy for...  同情……
 = sympathize with...
 例: After hearing the sad story about the poor boy, everyone started to have sympathy for him.
 (聽完這個可憐孩子的悲慘故事後,大家開始同情他了。)
20. ridicule n. & vt. 取笑
 例:Allan ridiculed his younger brother when they were children.
 (小時候艾倫常嘲笑他弟弟。)
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片語大補帖

1. make money + V-ing  藉……賺錢
  = make money by + V-ing

  例:You should never try to make money by selling drugs.
  (你絕不可想藉販毒來賺錢。)

2. plenty of + 複數名詞/不可數名詞  充分的……

  例:He has plenty of money.
  (他有很多錢。)
  He has plenty of friends to help him.
  (他有很多朋友幫忙他。)

3. take charge of...  掌理……
  = be in charge of...

  例:David took charge of the situation.
  (大衛掌握了情勢。)

4. turn...around in one's favor  扭轉乾坤, 使……對自己有利

  例:Paul was able to turn the contest around in his favor.
  (保羅終於能夠扭轉乾坤,使比賽對自己有利。)

5. set one's mind on sth  下定決心要從事某事

  例:Anything can be successful if you set your mind on it.
  (任何事你若下定決心去做,就會成功。)

6. attribute A to B  將A歸功於B
  = owe A to B

  例:Mary attributes her weight loss to walking and drinking lots of water.
  (瑪麗把減肥成功歸因於多走路和多喝水。)

7. to one's advantage  對某人有利

  例:To John's advantage, he is both handsome and smart.
  (對約翰有利的一點就是,他既英俊又聰明。)
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